Australia, USA and England are the most attractive countries for skilled migrants whose migration to these countries is known as “Brain Drain” and it has become massive since the year 2000 by the lack of opportunities in their countries of origin for professional growth and the desire of these young professionals to study master’s, doctoral and postdoctoral studies.
The developed countries in the world have become recruiters of young qualified professionals who are discouraged by the lack of support they receive from their country of origin and, also, from the lack of opportunities and options they have, which is why they decide to migrate in order to be able to improve their economic status, live in better conditions and make possible the dream of having a better career prospect.
The most attractive countries for skilled migrants are Australia, USA,Dubai,Italy and England, who provide opportunities through work visas, scholarships for masters, doctoral and postdoctoral studies, as well as career options which, in most cases are accepted because they “do not have another choice”. The most profitable sectors for these skilled migrants are the health, production and computer areas.
This migration is now recognized worldwide by several specialists as “Brain Drain” and becomes a real curse that threatens the future of the country of origin of these lost talents, because its few resources devoted to education are usufruct by developed countries that, in the absence of skilled workers, decide to provide opportunities and not just for young professionals but even young people who, in the search of university studies, decide to migrate and, upon their graduation, they usually choose to stay in the country that once hosted them, for the professional and economic growth, which is unreachable in their country of origin (research laboratories equipped with advanced technology).
Unlike other countries, Australia has a clear policy of attracting skilled migrants and this provides extra incentives for those who, having high professional qualifications, could apply for a resident visa for inhabited areas, or for those under the age of 45 years and with the respective professional qualifications, to apply for permanent residence visas. The most needed professions in Australia are found within the SOL list and the professions in greatest demand are on the MODL list (Dentists, Nurses, Doctors, Engineers, Accountants and Architects).
Australia manages various categories of skilled emigration whose details are available for you to review them on the website of Australian Government property http://www.immi.gov.au/skilled/. Additional information is available on the website of the Australian Embassy in your country. Remember that the proceedings have to be made directly to the Immigration Department offices in the city of Adelaide in Australia itself.
The United States is another destination country for skilled emigration and it has the H – 1B visa addressed to skilled migrants and it has duration from 3 years and a maximum of 6 years. With this visa professionals can study, live and work in the United States of America. But the U.S. is a destination also reached through scholarships provided by various foundations.
In the last years, this brain drain is occurring also in highly developed countries like Spain, which, having a high rate of unemployment, lower wages than most other developed countries and an economy with still great low-tech sectors, it offers opportunities to young professionals who are also forced to emigrate to the U.S.