Last modified 09/19/2023
In recent years, Germany has become attractive for many migrants because of its 3,6 per cent economic growth and 6,9 unemployment rate, minute if compared with the other European countries.
In fact, at the end of 2010, the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) in Nuremberg reported that Germany required approximately 800,000 workers to fill positions in industry and management sectors. Thus, in this article we will give some advice to foreigners who are interested in working in Germany.
The main requisite for all migrants who want to work in Germany is a intermediate level of the German language. If you think English language will help you in this country, you are mistaken.
According to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, B1/B2 is the necessary level. B1 means a basic knowledge of the language, while B2 means enough knowledge to keep a conversation with German citizens. Thus, it is recommended to improve your German fluency before migrating into this country.
Now then, in Germany there is a great demand for skilled professionals, which is not just with higher education, but also with working experience. Most of job positions in the German work market are with the health, engineering, teaching, and tourism-hotel sectors. Actually there are job opportunities in all economic sectors, but to a lesser degree. In fact, skilled workers have a better chance to get a job and a work permit in Germany.
I must be mentioned that migrants can hold a job position in Germany as long as there is no German citizen able to fill it. To apply for a work permit, migrants must get a job in Germany and the hiring company must register them at the Employment Agency.
Migrants can look for many job offers at the employment bureaus (http://www.arbeitsagentur.de/) and the free newspaper Mark & Chance. Also, there are many employment agencies authorized by the Federal Institute of Labour. Before travelling to Germany to work there, it is sensible for migrants to contact a EURES advisor in the European job mobility website; there are currently more than 850 EURES advisors all over Europe. Migrants can also visit http://ec.europa.eu/ with information about jobs, living costs and work conditions in Germany.
Finally, it must be mentioned that there is a number limit of skilled and unskilled workers that can work in Germany. Lawyers and accountants are the types of professional migrants that practically have no chances of working in Germany, because they are required to study German laws. There is a similar situation for journalists and writers, who need to be proficient in German to perform efficiently.